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Easter-ready chef's pickled fish recipe + a surprising veggie alternative

3 chefs with similar heritages, but different recipes

Last update: 30 March 2021

Easter isn’t Easter in the Western Cape without pickled fish (also known as ingelegde vis or Kaapse kerrievis). Although the history of this tasty, aromatic fish dish is unclear, it is deeply rooted in Cape Malay cooking. Two chefs and an acclaimed cook, all with a similar food heritage, share their recipes and Easter memories.

For all of the three – acclaimed Cape Malay cooking expert Zainie Misbach, veteran chef Heinrich Koen and chef Andre Hill – pickled fish was an Easter childhood staple. 

CHEFS TALK EASTER TRADITIONS

“I grew up with my mom always making pickled fish for Easter, so that makes one feel warm and fuzzy,” says Heinrich. 

Zainie, who runs the Bo-Kaap Cooking Tours, thinks back to camping with her family in front of the dunes at Macassar Beach, near Strand, over Easter weekend. “You'd find up to a hundred tents, and every tent would have pickled fish. It was a place for old friends and family to reconnect, and where teenagers meet their future husbands,” Zainie laughs. 

Owner of Upper Bloem (now closed), chef Andre Hill, grew up in Bo Kaap and says: “Pickled fish is a dish that transcends cultures, as it's rooted in Cape Malay food origins, yet is served at Easter, which is typically a Christian holiday,” says Andre, whose recipe has a surprising twist.

“It seems to be one of those traditions that has roots within both Cape Malay (Muslim) households and in traditional NG Kerk (Christian) households that have intermingled over hundreds of years,” says Heinrich.

HOW DO YOU HAVE YOUR PICKLED FISH?

Zanie makes her dish exactly the same as her parents and grandparents did. “It is the way it was 300 years ago,” Misbach says, who serves hers with white bread – and only white bread. For his part, Hill says he loves having his Easter dish inside a hot cross bun with a slathering of butter. 


Bo-Kaap Cooking Tour, 46 Rose St, Schotsche Kloof | info@bokaapcookingtour.co.zabokaapcookingtour.co.za

 

MASTER ZANIE’S FAMILY RECIPE

Ingredients

For the fish 

  1. 1kg of kabeljou or snoek. “Pickled fish is usually made with kabeljou. Today, you can also make it with snoek,” says Zanie.

For the spices you’ll need:

  1. 6 teaspoons of crushed garlic 

  2. 4 teaspoons of red masala powder

  3. 1 teaspoon of crushed chillies 

  4. 1 lemon

  5. 1 bottle of brown vinegar 

  6. 1/2 cup of sugar

  7. 3 bay leaves 

  8. 6 cloves of allspice (pimento) 

  9. 1 teaspoon of turmeric or curry powder

  10.  3 white onions

Method: 

  1. Segment fish (cut the fish horizontally from head to tail). Do not fillet or slice it every which way,” says Zainie. “Remember to keep the skin on. I think the grain of the fish is better for the vinegar to soak in and get its flavour instead of cutting the fish in a square block or something like that.” 

  2. Once your segments are cut, “dry out your fish on a board, then make a paste with the masala and crushed garlic”. The masala paste requires all of your spice ingredients, except for the three bay leaves, the other half of your crushed garlic and six allspice cloves. Put those aside for later. 

  3. To make the masala paste, mix together 4 teaspoons of your masala powder, 1 teaspoon curry powder, 3 teaspoons of crushed garlic, a squeeze of lemon, 1 teaspoon of crushed chilli and a pinch of salt. 

  4. Massage masala paste evenly into the dried fish.

  5. Once fully coated, place the fish over an open pan and “fry it slow, very slow, with a little bit of oil, on low heat and turn it over because you don’t want that masala to burn. "If you burn the masala it’s going to be bitter,” Zainie warns. Pro-tip: how you know your fish is ready is when you’re left with “almost this crusty, flaky kind of fish”, Zainie says. 

  6. When fish is done, take an empty pot, throw in the three saved bay leaves, the 3 teaspoons of crushed garlic and six cloves of allspice, and lightly toast on low heat for 1-2 minutes or until fragrant.

  7. Once fragrant, and on very low heat, you can pour in the bottle of brown vinegar for 3 - 5 minutes or until warm. 

  8. While you let your vinegar and spices mingle, take this time to slice the three white onions lengthwise. 

  9. “When the vinegar is nice and warm, switch off the stove, then put your onions in the pot,” says Zainie. 

  10. While the onions, vinegar and spices mix, now is the time to attend to the fish. “Take your fish out of the pan when you see it’s dry and crispy. Put it on a towel, a paper towel. We usually use an oven tray or something higher up to pour the vinegar and onions into and then put the fish inside,” says Zainie. Pro-tip: a pyrex dish works well for this. 

  11. Once your fish is fully submerged in the vinegar, spice and onion mixture, you can “pack it away so long, maybe in the oven somewhere. Close it up, pack it away and eat it maybe two days afterwards,” Zainie recommends. 

 

Serve with white homemade bread

Zanie makes the pickled fish at least two days before the Easter weekend with four or more loaves of homemade white bread. Even the question of spreading pickled fish on a hot cross bun makes her cringe. “No! It must be on a loaf of homemade white bread,” she laughs.



HEINRICH HAKE PICKLED FISH RECIPE 

The Ingredients

For the hake: It’s flaky and good for absorbing the pickle.

  1. 2kg fresh hake, made into pieces

  2. Flour for dusting

  3. Oil for frying

For the sauce: 

  1. 2Tbs paprika 

  2. 2Tbs garam masala 

  3. 1Tbs turmeric 

  4. 1Tbs smoked paprika 

  5. 2 fresh chilies, chopped

  6. 2 cloves garlic, crushed

  7. 2 onions, chopped 

  8. 100ml White spirit vinegar 

  9. 3Tbs Brown sugar 

  10. Cup of water

The Method

  1. Start by preparing the hake. Place a saucepan on high heat with a good coating of oil. While it heats, lightly dust the hake pieces in flour and gently shake off any excess flour. Drop the pieces into the oil and fry until golden. Remove once golden in colour and set aside. 

  2. Next, prepare the sauce. Start by putting a pan over a medium heat with a dash of oil, and fry the onions, garlic, and chilli in a pan until caramelised. Add the paprika, smoked paprika, masala, and turmeric and fry for 5 minutes until fragrant. Sprinkle in the brown sugar and stir until it's dissolved. Finally, deglaze the pan with the water and vinegar and simmer on low heat for 25 min.

  3. After 25 minutes, remove the pan from the heat and allow it to cool completely. Once cool, add the fish, mix to combine, and refrigerate. It needs at least 24 hours so the fish can soak up the sauce, but you can keep it for up to two days. 

TRY ANDRE’S VEGETARIAN PICKLED “FISH”

“We wanted to give Upper Bloem Restaurant diners who didn’t or couldn’t eat fish the chance to taste something similar.” It was served as one of the snacks.



The ingredients

There are three main elements to this dish, each of which needs to be made separately: curried aubergine, caramelised onion petals, and seasoned goat’s milk yoghurt. The dish is garnished with pomegranate kernels, coriander, and mint. 

For the onion petals:

  1. 5 baby onions 

For the curry base:

  1. 2 onions, diced

  2. 3cm of ginger, finely diced

  3. 4 garlic cloves, finely diced

  4. 1 stick lemongrass, bruised

  5. 2 lime leaves

  6. 1 tsp whole cumin

  7. ½ tsp cardamom 

  8. 1 Tbsp coriander seeds, toasted and crushed

  9. 1 bay leaf

  10. 2 tsp turmeric

  11. 7 tsp mild curry powder 

  12. 3 tsp garam masala

  13. ½ small tin whole, peeled tomatoes

  14. 1.5 litres vegetable stock or water

For the curried aubergine:

  1. 1kg aubergine peeled and cut into 1.2cm cubes 

  2. 300g rice flour

  3. Sunflower oil (enough to ‘deep fry’, depending on the size of your pot) 

For the pickling liquid:

  1. 250ml white wine vinegar

  2. 250ml white balsamic vinegar

  3. 150g sugar

For the seasoned goat’s milk yoghurt:

  1. 250g goat's milk yoghurt (place yoghurt in cheesecloth and colander overnight over a bowl; this will catch the whey from the yoghurt leaving a more intensely flavoured yoghurt).

  2. 250g whipped cream (whipped to soft peaks)

  3. 1/2 clove garlic grated (on a micro plane)

  4. 10g mint

  5. ½ tsp white balsamic vinegar

  6. Juice of half a lemon

  7. 1 tsp salt

Method

  1. Start with the onion petals. Peel the onions but keep them whole, and keep a bit of the bottom to hold the onion together. Bring salted water to a simmer. Once simmering, add the onions and blanch for 4 minutes. Remove the onions with a slotted spoon, and place in iced water to stop the cooking process. Pat them dry, and slice them in half lengthwise, then season with salt and a sprinkling of castor sugar.

  2. Heat some oil in a pan over high heat. Place onions in a pan, cut-side down for a few minutes until they get some good colour. Allow to cool completely and then pull apart the “petals”. When you get to the smaller ones inside, set them aside to add to the curry sauce.

  3. Next, start on the curry base. Sweat the onions, ginger and garlic in a saucepan for a few minutes until translucent. Add the lemongrass, bay and lime leaves and sweat for another minute. Then, add all the spices and cook until fragrant. Add the tomatoes and cook for one minute. Add the stock and let simmer. 

  4. While you wait for the sauce, fully coat the aubergine cubes in the rice flour. (Tip: you can also add the onion off-cuts into similar sized pieces and fry so there’s no waste). Pour a good amount of oil into a pan on high heat and deep fry the aubergine cubes in small batches at 160 degrees, or on medium heat until they’re golden on the outside. Drain and place the aubergine pieces on a paper towel.

  5. Next, start the pickling liquid. In a pan, mix together white wine vinegar, white balsamic vinegar and sugar and allow to simmer for a few minutes. Remove from the heat.

  6. Add 300g of the pickling liquid to the curry base, place the pan back on the heat and stir in the cornflour to allow it to thicken. Let the sauce cool completely. 

  7. Finally, add the aubergine to the sauce and mix in. Use equal amounts of aubergine and curry.  Allow to marinate for a day before using. 

  8. Before serving, stir fresh coriander through the pickled, curried aubergine. In a small bowl, mix goat-milk yoghurt, grated garlic clove, mint, balsamic vinegar, lemon and salt. Once the mixture has come together, gently fold in the whipped cream and place in a piping bag. 

  9. Time to assemble! Use a tablespoon to scoop curry into the onion petals. Pipe a small dollop of the goats’ milk yogurt onto the top, and sprinkle with pomegranate kernels and herbs. Upper Bloem serves it on beach stone, with a smoked spice mix below, which is burnt to give the dish a spicy aroma when it reaches the table.

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IN SEARCH OF MORE EASTER-THEMED RECIPES?

Learn how to make a classic South African braaied dish: snoek.

 You can’t have your pickled fish without a loaf of white bread or a hot cross bun

How to celebrate the Easter weekend in Cape Town.

Let the kids find chocolatey treasures at an Easter egg hunt in Cape Town.

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